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"Spontaneity: It's Strength and Weakness"

Study Questions

1. How does Fanon explain the dynamic between the rural and urban areas of the colonies? How does the dialectic of these “compartments” differ from that of their Western counterparts?

2. How does the aforementioned dynamic play out in the creation and tactics of the nationalist parties? How do the nationalist parties of the colonies differ from vanguard parties as we understand them from our previous study?

3. How does colonialism exploit the rift between city and country dwellers, and how are the repercussions of this influence felt after national independence is attained?

4. Describe the process whereby “illegalist” members of the nationalist parties turn towards the peasantry as reserved for the revolution in the cities. Why does Fanon call this “the crowning point of the dialectic with reigns over the development of an armed struggle for national liberation”?

5. Who are the lumpenproletariat and what role do they play in the struggle for liberation?

6. What are the limits of spontaneity? How does colonialism subdue spontaneous uprising? What are its inherent weaknesses?

7. What is Fanon referring to when he says” national independence sheds light upon many facts which are sometimes divergent and antagonistic”? What contradictions does decolonization unveil/sharpen?

Reading Material

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